Bornholm is an island located in the most eastern part of
Denmark, in the Baltic Sea. Bornholm is also known as rocky or Smiling Bornholm - the sunny island. Bornholm has an area of 589.38 square kilometers and has 40.215 inhabitants 1 January 2014..
Administrative sorts Bornholm during the Regional Municipality of
Bornholm which is part of the
Capital Region of
Bornholm is part of the old Danish heartland Scania countries, and is the only one that today is Danish.
Bornholm has the shape similar to that of a parallelogram, where the north and south coasts are about 40 km, while the east and west coast is approximately 30 km; circumference is 141.4 kilometers. The former Bornholm Railways old lines are designated as bicycle lanes and winds through the terrain with slight increases. The winding route because the railroad had to pass each board member farms.
The larger towns on Bornholm is located on the coast and has a port - with one exception:
Aakirkeby (although with a port at the booths). The biggest name
Roenne and then follow otherwise - clockwise -
See more ATTRACTIONS on Bornholm
Ertholmene lies and lures on the horizon northeast of Bornholm. The archipelago consists of two inhabited islands, Christiansø and Frederiksø and bird sanctuary Græsholmen and a number of larger and smaller inserts.
From being a collection of desert rock tubers, sticking out of the sea, the islands changed for today to be a popular destination for tourists.
It all started in 1684 when the Christian V (1670-1699) ordered that there should be built a fortification to Navy ships in the Baltic Sea. At the peace in Roskilde 1658,
Denmark had lost Skåne, Halland and Blekinge, it was necessary to control the Swedish fleet movements in the Baltic Sea. On Ertholmene was a natural harbor between two of the islands. Here was built the fortress Christiansoe/Ertholmene, the world's first naval base. First built the two distinctive towers, St. Tower on Christiansø and Small Tower on Frederiksø.
On both islands were built bastions and curtain wall facing the open sea. Well shielded behind them lies the fortress many other buildings. An impressive building, which was worked on throughout the fortress time. In the harbor, the Danish Navy ships seeking protection, fetch water and provisions as well as repairs to damage during their voyages in the Baltic Sea. In 1855 the fortress was Christiansoe claims. The time had run from the kinds of defenses. But it is still there, intact and tells a piece of Danish cultural history.
In the historical scenery exists today a functioning light civil society about 100 residents. On Christiansoe, for example, school, church, lighthouse, post office, library, community center, museum, camp site, grocery and guest house. Read more about Ertholmene
The great rift valley is known for its fine echo, but there is also a more unknown world with large rock formations and strange caves. On the hike, we see an ancient holy well. We find an alternative route across the valley and passes by some beautiful views to the big scree rocks that form caves and grottoes. See also a Viking Age fortress in the area Hammershus
Large flea market in the town square Aakirkeby sale of all flea products.
Large flea market to flea products Ream. You will find stores from all over the island, which has all kinds of items to offer. A good deal can be done with the fresh stores. On a walk along the town square and the traders experienced the cozy and unique atmosphere found in Aakirkeby.
Hammershus Exhibition - an informative exhibition
In the old castle courtyard at the entrance to Hammershus you will find the very informative
Hammershus-Exhibition of Northern Europe's largest castle ruin - Hammershus.
Ærkebiskoppen af Lund
Hammershus-exhibition tells in words and pictures Hammershus, which was built by the archbishop of Lund in the early 1200s. Here you will also find several models of the entire fortification and many details of the castle. You can also try on armor - but hold on, it's heavy!
See Hammershus live
Once you have visited Hammershus Exhibition obviously you will also see the Hammershuus alive. There is free access to this amazing castle - and then you get even a nice view to Sweden on a clear day.
From sea silver to gold. In the old museum smokehouses in Hasle will
vi vidly being told about the Bornholm herring smokehouse history and showcased the old herring smokehouses. We see the historic environment and shows how the herrings are smoked with real wood and the finished result - the golden smoked herring. From the German herring market in the Middle Ages to a vibrant city with many smokehouses - and the time of day with the problems of the Baltic Sea fisheries. Obviously tell about the reason for the name "Sun over
Gudhjem". There is a smoked herring on rye bread with an egg yolk. It can of course also be purchased at the restaurant here - but called for "Sun ower Hasle".