Tianjin is Located in Northeast China’s Bohai Bay, Tianjin is about 180
kilometers (112 miles) from Beijing. The city Metro has has approximately
11.455.000 and the Tianjin Municipality has approximately 15.200.000
Tianjin is one of
the four areas in China known as “Direct Controlled Municipalities” in
China, which means Tianjin is both a city and a provincial (Municipality) government. The
other three municipalities in China are Beijing, Shanghai and Chongqing.
municipality designation dates to the 1928 during Republican-era China,
and it remained so even after the founding of the People’s Republic of
China in 1949.
Due to its proximity, Tianjin has long been
associated with Beijing and has acted as port to the Chinese capital Beijing. A
high-speed railway connects the two cities, which is about 1-2 hours
apart. Many people live in Tianjin and work in Beijing.
The fastest train service in the World, measured by peak operational speed is the Shanghai Maglev Train which reach 431 km/h (268 mph). Due to the limited length of the Shanghai Maglev track (30 km)(18.6 mi) from airport to
Shanghai city center China, the maglev trains average speed is only 245.5 km/h (152.5 mph). The Shanghai Maglev train also holds the record for the fastest speed in tests of 501 km/h (311 mph).
The hight speed attained by a non-maglev train in China is 487.3 km/h (302.8 mph) by the Beijing – Shanghai High-Speed Railway.
The fastest train by average trip speed is on the Wuhan - Guangzhou High-Speed Railway, where the coupled-train sets average 312.5 km/h (194.2 mph) on the 922 km (573 mi) route from Wuhan to Guangzhou North. It is the fastest train in the world.
In the last few years Chinese economic and urban planners have also been working to develop the
Jing-jin-ji regional cooperative bloc, as a way to better coordinate trade and growth
in Beijing around, Tianjin, and Hebei province.
Tianjin is bestowed with a superior geographic location. As the heartland
of the TBNA, Tianjin sits right at the converging point of the Circum-Bohai
Economic Belt and the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei megalopolis.
Tianjin is an economic powerhouseThe
establishment of the Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area
(TEDA) in 1984, one of China’s earliest development zones, has
contributed to increased foreign investment in Tianjin and China, making
(TEDA) an economic hub in North China.
Binhai New Area, was created in
2006, recognizing the region as the third-biggest economic engine after
Shenzhen and Shanghai for modern manufacturing, research and
development, and incubation.
In 2014, the Tianjin Free Trade Zone was approved, the only free trade zone in northern China. In the Free Trade Zone, foreign companies can set up wholly-owned
fifth of Fortune 500 companies have investments in Tianjin, including
multinational corporations such as Dow Chemicals, which launched its
Tianjin site in 2011 and Russian state energy giant Rosneft which inked a
deal with PetroChina to operate in Tianjin last year.(2014)
Tianjin port is also the fourth largest port in the world in terms of merchandise passing through.
a beautiful areaDue to the foreign influence, Tianjin was a center for the China’s
and Tianjin took the lead in China’s military modernization, the
construction of railroads, telegraph, telephone, post, mining, modern
education and legal systems.
The Great Wall of China can be seen
in the north of the city and Tianhou Palace, originally built during
the Yang Dynasty though it’s been renovated many times since, has long
been a site for people to pray for navigation safety and to honor the
goddess of the sea. The city also houses China’s oldest existing
wood-structural pavilion, the Dule Temple which has a 16-meter-tall
statue of the goddess of mercy, one of the biggest in the country.
In recent years, it’s also been a hub for modern architecture, such as the Tianjin Museum.
Tianjin got it’s name from the Chinese emperor, also known as Tianzi,
which means son of heaven. It’s also been called other names throughout
it’s history, including Jingu and Jinmen.
During the Tang Dynasty (618-907), Tianjin was known for
transporting grain and silk. In the Yuan Dynasty (1206-1368) it became
an established sea ferry city. In the subsequent Ming Dynasty
(1368–1644), it became a military powerhouse.
In China’s last
dynasty, the Qing Dyansty (1644-1911), the city was attacked by British
and French forces from 1858-1860 as part of the Second Opium War.
a result of that war, China was forced to sign the Treaty of Tianjin,
which allowed Western powers including the United Kingdom, France,
Russia, and the United States to sign treaties with China granting them
rights to trade on both the coast and interior of China along the
Yangtze River. These nations were also allowed to establish legations,
charge low tariff for imported goods, and legalize the trade of opium.
The city would remain largely under foreign control until 1943.