New York City is the most populous city in the United States, and the center of the
New York metropolitan
area, which is one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the world. A leading global city, New York exerts a powerful influence over global commerce, finance, media, culture, art, fashion, research, education, and entertainment.
As host of the United Nations Headquarters, it is also an important center for international affairs. The city is often referred to as New York City or ‘The Big Apple’ to distinguish it from the
state of New
York, of which New York City is a part. Both state and New York City were named for the 17th century Duke of York, James Stuart, future James II and VII of England and Scotland.
:See Videoclip New York by Alicia Keys
New York City consists of five boroughs, which are five separate counties. Each borough has a unique culture and could be a large city in its own right. Within each borough individual neighborhoods, some only a few blocks in size, have personalities lauded in music and film. Where you live, work, and play in. New York City
says something to New Yorkers about who you are.
The five New York City boroughs are:
Map of New York Metro area
John F. Kennedy International Airport
John F. Kennedy International Airport (IATA: JFK) is in the borough of Queens in the eastern part of New York City. Many international airlines fly into JFK and it is a major international hub for Delta Air Lines (Terminals 2 and 3) and American Airlines (Terminal 8). Air France and Lufthansa (Terminal 1), British Airways (Terminal 7), and Virgin Atlantic (Terminal 4) each provide several flights daily into JFK. JetBlue, a large low-cost carrier, occupies Terminal 5. A free AirTrain connects the terminals. Always make sure you know which terminal your flight arrives at or departs from.
Left luggage services are available in the arrivals areas of Terminal 1 and Terminal 4 and cost
$6-20 per bag per day, depending on size. There are plenty of ATMs (almost all charge a small fee). Luggage trolleys are available either for a fee of
$4 in Terminals 2, 3, 7, 8, 9 and all departures and free in Terminals 1 and 4. There are many hotels of all levels close to the airport and most run shuttle buses to/from the airport.
Liberty International Airport
Newark Liberty International Airport, 1-800-EWR-INFO, (IATA: EWR)is located in Newark and Elizabeth,
Jersey. The airport has three terminals labeled A, B, C. Terminal C is the home of Continental Airlines which has a major hub at Newark. Most other international airlines use Terminal B while domestic flights are from Terminal A but there are exceptions, so check your terminal before you head for the airport.
LaGuardia Airport (IATA: LGA) is a smaller, older airport in Queens, providing many of the domestic services for the area including the frequent shuttles to Boston and Washington, D.C.. Direct flights are available to all large and most small airports east of the Mississippi, with a few international flights to Toronto and Montreal. The Marine Air Terminal, currently the terminal used by Delta Airlines for shuttle services to Washington D.C. and Boston, is one of the oldest, still-in-use, airport terminals in the world.
Long Island MacArthur Airport (Islip Airport) (IATA: ISP), located in Ronkonkoma (Town of Islip) on Long Island, is served by Southwest Airlines, a major discount carrier in the US. US Airways has a minor presence at the airport. The Long Island Railroad offers a discount package for MacArthur Airport travelers on its website.
Westchester County Airport (IATA: HPN), near White Plains, NY, is served by several airlines. It is most convenient to Westchester County and adjacent areas of Connecticut.
Metro New York is also served by Teterboro Airport (IATA: TEB), in Teterboro, NJ, though this airport is used primarily for general aviation and receives no commercial flights.
Amtrak, 1-800-USA-RAIL (1-800-872-7245), operates from New York Penn Station, directly under Madison Square Garden, on 34th Street between 7th & 8th Avenues. Popular trains leaving during rush hours can fill up quickly. it is a good idea to make reservations online, or via phone, and pick up your ticket using a credit card or your confirmation number at one of the electronic kiosks located throughout the station.
On some of the non-business routes, for example New York to Montreal, Amtrak actually takes more time and costs more money than taking the bus or renting a car. Check and compare schedules and prices before booking.
Amtrak s Acela express train provides regular fast commuter service between major points along the east coast such as Washington, D.C., Boston, Baltimore,
Philadelphia, New Haven, and Providence. Amtrak services are also available to points along the East Coast down to
Florida, to points between New York and Chicago, including Pittsburgh and Cleveland), to New York State including
Buffalo and Niagara Falls, and to Toronto and Montreal in Canada.
Service to California takes 3 days and requires a change of train in Chicago.
Amtrak s ClubAcela, located near the big security desk in Penn Station, offers complimentary drinks, wi-fi access, newspapers and magazines, and clean bathrooms. Access to the club is granted to travelers with sleeper tickets, First Class Acela tickets, Amtrak GuestRewards SelectPlus membership, or Continental Airlines BusinessFirst tickets for same-day travel, and Continental Airlines President s Club members..